Handy List of Crochet & Knitting Abbreviations

If you are a beginner looking at a crochet or knitting pattern, the first time your eyes will likely roll. What the heck do all of those abbreviations mean?

Special Tip: When you are beginning to learn the art of crocheting, its a good idea (to confuse yourself less) to write what the abbreviations mean in long hand. After I print out a pattern, I write in the margin, in long hand, what the abbreviations mean. Use this table to decipher the crochet or knitting pattern code!



 alt - alternate

 approx - approximately


 beg - begin or beginning

 bet - between

 BL/bk lp - back loop(s)

 BLO - back loop only

 bo - bobble

 BO - bind off

 BP - back post

 BPdc - back post double crochet(s)

 BPsc - back post single crochet(s)

 BPtr - back post triple crochet(s)


 CA - color A

 CB - color B

 CC - contrasting color

 ch(s) - chain(s)

 ch-space = space previously made

 ch- - refers to chain previously made/worked

 ch-sp - chain space

 CL(s) - cluster(s)

 cm - centimeter

 cn - cable needle

 cont - continue

 CO - cast on cont


 dc - double crochet

 dc2tog - double crochet 2 stitches together

 dec - decrease

 DP or dpn - double pointed needle(s)

 dtr/dtrc - double triple/treble crochet


 ea - each

 est - established

 ext - extension


 FLO - front loop only

 foll - follow

 FP - front post

 FPdc - front post double crochet(s)

 FPsc - front post single crochet(s)

 FPtr/FPtrc - front post triple/treble crochet(s)

 FL/ft lp - front loop(s)


 g or gr - grams

 grp(s) - groups


 hdc - half double crochet(s)

 hk - hook


 inc - increase

 in(s) or " - inch(es)


k - knit

 k1b - knit 1 in the row below

 k1b - knit through the back loop

 k2tog - knit 2 together

 k2togb - Knit 2 stitches together through back loop

 k3tog - knit 3 together

 k3togb - Knit 3 stitches together through back loop

 Kfb - knit in front and back of st


 LH - left hand needle

 lp(s) - loop(s)

 lp st - loop stitch


 MC - main color

 M1 -make one

 M2 - make two

 m - meters

 mm - millimeters

 meas - measure(s)


ndl(s) - needle(s)


 oz - ounce(s)

 opp - opposite


 pat(s) - pattern(s)

 PC(s) - popcorn(s)

 pm - placemaker

 prev - previous

 prev - previous

 psso - pass slipped stitch over

 p2sso - pass 2 slipped sts over

 p - purl

 p-wise - purl-wise, or as though to purl

 p1b - purl through the back loop

 p2tog - purl 2 together

 p2togb - purl 2 together in back

 p3tog - purl 3 together

 PU - pick up


 rf - right front

 rem - remain

 rep - repeat(s)

 rev sc/reverse sc - reverse single crochet

 rnd(s) - round(s)

 RS - right side

 RH - right hand needle

 Rev St st - reverse stockinette stitch

 rsc - reverse single crochet


 sc - single crochet

 sc2tog - single crochet 2 stitches together

 sc3tog - single crochet 3 together

 sk - skip(ped)

 sk2p - Slip 1, k2tog, pass sl st over

 sl st - slip stitch

 sp(s) - space(s)

 SP or spn - single-pointed needles

 st(s) - stitch(es)

 St st - stockinette stitch

 skp - slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over

 sl - slip

 slip1-k1-psso - slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over

 sm - slip marker

 sq(s) - square(s)

 ssk - slip, slip, knit


 tbl - through the back loop

 tch/t-ch - turning chain

 tog - together

 tr/trc - treble/triple crochet

 tr tr/trtrc - triple treble crochet/triple triple crochet(s)


 WS - wrong side

 wyib - with yarn in back

 wyif - with yarn in front


 X-st - cross-stitch


 YB or ytb - yarn to back of work

 YF or ytf - yarn to front of work

 yd - yard(s)

 yo - yarn over

 yoh - yarn over hook

 YRN - yarn round needle

What does the asterisk ( * ) mean when you see it in a crochet or knitting pattern?

It's used to show you how many times to repeat the instructions. It will also indicate a number of how many times to repeat.

What does the ( ) Parentheses mean when you see them in a crochet or knitting pattern?

When you see this in a pattern, it means that you do what the pattern says directly after it. Example (sk2p). Parentheses are also used to provide additional information.

Author: Georgia Stath.

Looking for free patterns or step by step instructions on tatting, crochet, knitting, macrame etc? Visit me at [http://www.free-craft-patterns.com] and Start creating your own masterpieces today!!

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